JIGNA PETROCHEM
 
     
   
     
 
     
 

PAVING BITUMEN

Bitumen is defined as A viscous liquid, or a solid, consisting essentially of hydrocarbons and their derivatives, which is soluble in trichloro-ethyelene and is substantially nonvolatile and softens gradually when heated. It is black or brown in colour & posseses waterproofing and adhesive properties. It is obtained by refinery processes from petroleum, and is also found as a natural deposit or as a component of naturally occurring asphalt, in which it is associated with mineral matte.

Bitumen is a thermoplastic material and its stiffness is dependent on temperature. The temperature-vs-stiffness relationship of bitumen is dependent on the source of crude oil and the method of refining.

 

According to viscosity (degree of fluidity) grading, higher the grade, stiffer the Bitumen. Tests are conducted at 60 C and 135 C, which represent the temperature of road surface during summer (hot climate, similar to northern parts of India) and mixing temperature respectively. The penetration at 25o C, which is annual average pavement temperature, is also retained.

To improve the quality of Bitumen, BIS revised IS-73-1992 specifications based on Viscosity (Viscosity at 60C) in July 2006. As per these specifications, there are four grades VG-10, VG-20, VG-30 & VG-40.

VG-30 BITUMEN(IS:73:2013):

VG-30 is primarily used to construct extra heavy duty Bitumen pavements that need to endure substantial traffic loads. It can be used in lieu of 60/70 Penetration grade.

Certificate of Quality - BITUMEN-VG30(IS:73:2013):

Sr

No.

 

Characteristics

 

Units

 

Test Method

Specification

Result

Min

Max

1.

Specific Gravity of Bitumen @27C

 

IS 1202

Report

1.0585

2.

Penetration @25C 100gm, 5 sec.

1/10 mm

IS 12023

45.0

 

45.0

3.

Softening Point

C

IS 1205

47.0

 

53.0

4.

Viscosity, Absolute @60 deg.C

poises

IS 1206:P2

2400.0

3600.0

2757.0

5.

Kinematic Viscosity @135 deg.C

CST

IS 1206:P3

350.0

 

376.0

6.

Matter Soluble in Trichloroethylene

Wt %

IS 1216

99.0

 

99.8

7.

Flash Point Cleveland Open Cup (COC)

C

IS 1448 P-69

220.0

 

310.0

8.

Viscosity ratio @60 deg.C After RTFOT

--

IS 1206:P2

 

4.0

2.3

9.

Ductility 25 deg.C After RTFOT

CM

IS 1208

40.0

 

50.0

 
     
 
 
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